A stock price reflects the value of an investment in a company. This is determined by dividing the total value of the company by the total number of shares issued. The fluctuation in the market is mainly determined by supply and demand. Corporate data will also have a significant influence on stock value.
It is important to remember that when you enter stock CFD trade you don’t buy the stock itself but instead agree a contract with the broker to settle the difference in value between the entry and exit price of the Stock. With CFDs you can sell shares as easily as buying them, allowing you to take advantage of price moves even in a falling market.
Let’s assume that Apple (stock) was trading at a price of $50.49 and in sum, the Apple Company has issued 4.84 billion shares. This is the maximum number of shares available for purchase. If one stock is worth $50.49, then the entire Apple Company will be worth a total of $244.4 billion.
Apple presents their new products at the beginning of September. Both on the official “Announcement Day”, and on following days, the stock price of Apple tends to be volatile. The customers process the impressions and form an opinion as to whether the new products are good or bad. A sensational release is therefore very likely to push APPL share prices higher. On the contrary, a disappointing release will dampen demand for the product and can push APPL lower.
Apple Inc. is an American multinational corporation that designs and manufactures consumer electronics and computer software products. The company’s best-known hardware products include Macintosh computers, the iPod and the iPhone. Apple software includes the Mac OS X operating system, the iTunes media browser, the iLife suite of multimedia and creativity software, the iWork suite of productivity software, Final Cut Studio, a suite of professional audio and film-industry software products, and Logic Studio, a suite of audio tools. The company operates more than 250 retail stores in nine countries and an online store where hardware and software products are sold.
Microsoft Corporation is a multinational computer technology corporation that develops, manufactures, licenses, and supports a wide range of software products for computing devices. Its most profitable products are the Microsoft Windows operating system and the Microsoft Office suite of productivity software. The company was founded to develop and sell BASIC interpreters for the Altair 8800. Microsoft rose to dominate the home computer operating system market with MS-DOS in the mid-1980s, followed by the Windows line of operating systems. Its products have all achieved near-ubiquity in the desktop computer market. When the company debuted its IPO in March 13, 1986, the stock price was US $21. By the end of the first trading day, the stock had closed at $28.The stock price peaked in 1999 at around US $119. In the last few years, the price of Microsoft’s stock largely remained steady, with a rise in stock price around the release of Windows Vista and a fall during the economic crisis of 2008.
Citigroup Inc. (branded Citi), is a major American financial services company based in New York. Citigroup was formed from one of the world’s largest mergers in history by combining the banking giant Citicorp and financial conglomerate Travelers Group on April 7, 1998. Citigroup Inc. has the world’s largest financial services network, spanning 140 countries with approximately 16,000 offices worldwide and employs approximately 322,000 staff around the world. It is the world’s largest bank by total customers & worldwide branch network as of 2009. It is a primary dealer in US Treasury securities. Citigroup suffered huge losses during the global financial crisis of 2008 and was rescued in November 2008 in a massive bailout by the U.S. government.
Nike, Inc. is a major publicly traded sportswear and equipment supplier based in the United States. It is the world’s leading supplier of athletic shoes and apparel and a major manufacturer of sports equipment with revenue in excess of $18.6 billion USD in its fiscal year 2008 . As of 2008, it employed more than 30,000 people worldwide. The company was founded on January 25, 1964 as Blue Ribbon Sports by Bill Bowerman and Philip Knight, and officially became Nike, Inc. in 1978. The company takes its name from Nike (Greek Νίκη pronounced [níːkɛː]), the Greek goddess of victory; it is also based on Egyptian usage of “strength”, “victory”, nakht. Nike markets its products under its own brand as well as Nike Golf, Nike Pro, Nike+, Air Jordan, Nike Skateboarding and subsidiaries including Cole Haan, Hurley International, Umbro and Converse. In addition to manufacturing sportswear and equipment, the company operates retail stores under the Niketown name.
Gazprom (English: Open Joint Stock Company “Gazprom”) is the largest extractor of natural gas in the world and the largest Russian company. Gazprom was created in 1989 when the Ministry of Gas Industry of the Soviet Union transformed itself into a corporation, keeping all its assets intact. The company was later privatized in part, but currently the Russian government holds a controlling stake. In 2008, the company produced 549.7 billion cubic meters of natural gas, amounting to 17% of the worldwide gas production. In addition, the company produced 32 million tons of oil and 10.9 million tons of gas. Gazprom’s activities accounted for 10% of Russia’s gross domestic product in 2008.
BP plc is the third largest global energy company, the 5th largest company in the world and UK’s largest company, with headquarters in St James’s, City of Westminster, London. The company is among the largest private sector energy corporation in the world, and one of the six “supermajors” (vertically integrated private sector oil exploration, natural gas, and petroleum product marketing companies). The Company is listed on the London Stock Exchange and is a constituent of the FTSE 100
Lukoil (RTS:LKOH LSE: LKOD NASDAQ: LUKOY) is Russia’s largest oil company and its largest producer of oil. In 2007, the company produced 96.645 million tons of oil; 1.953 million barrels per day. Its international upstream subsidiary is called Lukoil Overseas Holding. Headquartered in Moscow, Lukoil is the second largest public company (next to Exxon Mobil) in terms of proven oil and gas reserves. In 2008, the company had 19.3 billion barrels of oil equivalent per SPE standards. This accounts to some 1.3% of global oil reserves. The company has operations in more than 40 countries around the world.
Sberbank Rossii (MICEX:SBER RTS:SBER) ( “Savings Bank of the Russian Federation”) is the largest bank in Russia and Eastern Europe. The company’s headquarters are in Moscow and its history goes back to the financial reform of 1841. In many regions, Sberbank is practically the only bank capable of providing local administrations with complex banking services and rendering significant financial support in implementing investment and social programs.
Coca-Cola is a carbonated soft drink sold in stores, restaurants and vending machines internationally. The Coca-Cola Company claims that the beverage is sold in more than 200 countries. It is produced by The Coca-Cola Company in Atlanta, Georgia, and is often simply referred to as Coke or Cola. Originally intended as a patent medicine when it was invented in the late 19th century by John Pemberton, Coca-Cola was bought out by businessman Asa Griggs Candler, whose marketing tactics led Coke to its dominance of the world soft-drink market throughout the 20th century. Coca Cola like the famous brand McDonald is considered a symbol of US capitalism and culture.
HSBC Holdings plc is a public limited company incorporated in England and Wales in 1990, and headquartered in London since 1993. As of 2009, it is both the world’s largest banking group and the world’s 6th largest company according to a composite measure by Forbes magazine. The group was founded from The Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation based in Hong Kong, the acronym of which led to the current name. Today, whilst no single geographical area dominates the group’s earnings, Hong Kong still continues to be a significant source of its income. Recent acquisitions and expansion in China are returning HSBC to part of its roots.HSBC has an enormous operational base in Asia and significant lending, investment, and insurance activities around the world. The company has a global reach and financial fundamentals matched by few other banking or financial multinationals. HSBC is listed on the London, New York, Hong Kong, Paris and Bermuda Stock Exchanges, and is a constituent of the FTSE 100 Index and the Hang Seng Index.
Tata Motors Limited (NSE: TATAMOTORS, BSE: 500570, NYSE: TTM), is a multinational corporation headquartered in Mumbai, India. Part of the Tata Group, it was formerly known as TELCO (TATA Engineering and Locomotive Company). Tata Motors has a consolidated revenue of USD 16 billion after the acquisition of British automotive brands Jaguar and Landrover in 2008. It is India’s largest company in the automobile and commercial vehicle sector with upwards of 70% cumulative Market share in the Domestic Commercial vehicle segment, and a midsized player on the world market with 0.81% market share in 2007 according to OICA data. The OICA ranked it as the 19th largest automaker, based on figures for 2007. Tata Motors is a dual-listed company traded on both the Bombay Stock Exchange, as well as on the New York Stock Exchange. Tata Motors in 2005, was ranked among the top 10 corporations in India with an annual revenue exceeding INR 320 billion.
Turkcell (NYSE: TKC) is the leading mobile phone operator of Turkey, based in Istanbul. The company has 36.3 million subscribers by the end of September 2008, making it the third biggest in Europe. Turkcell is traded both at the Turkish Stock Exchange and the NYSE. FinPari enables trading on the Turkcell stock both in the Turkish Exchange and in the NYSE.
Tesco plc (LSE: TSCO) is a global grocery and general merchandising retailer headquartered in Cheshunt, United Kingdom.It is the third-largest retailer in the world measured by revenues (after Wal-Mart and Carrefour) and the second-largest measured by profits (after Wal-Mart). It has stores in 14 countries across Asia, Europe and North America and is the grocery market leader in the UK (where it has a market share of around 30%), Malaysia, the Republic of Ireland and Thailand.
Teva Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd. NASDAQ: TEVA is an international pharmaceutical company headquartered in Petah Tikva, Israel. It specializes in generic and proprietary pharmaceuticals and active pharmaceutical ingredients. It is the largest generic drug manufacturer in the world and one of the 15 largest pharmaceutical companies worldwide.
Nissan Motor Company Ltd usually shortened to Nissan (play /ˈniːsɑːn/ or UK /ˈnɪsæn/; Japanese: [nisːaɴ]), is a multinational automaker headquartered in Japan. It was formerly a core member of the Nissan Group, but has become more independent after its restructuring under Carlos Ghosn (CEO).t formerly marketed vehicles under the “Datsun” brand name and is one of the largest car manufacturers in the world. As of 2011, the company’s global headquarters is located in Nishi-ku, Yokohama. In 1999, Nissan entered a two way alliance with Renault S.A. of France, which owns 43.4% of Nissan while Nissan holds 15% of Renault shares, as of 2008. The current market share of Nissan, along with Honda and Toyota, in American auto sales represent the largest of the automotive firms based in Asia that have been increasingly encroaching on the historically dominant US-based “Big Three” consisting of GM, Ford and Chrysler. In its home market, Nissan is the third largest car manufacturer, with Honda being second by a small margin of 2,000 units and Toyota in a very dominant first. Along with its normal range of models, Nissan also produces a range of luxury models branded as Infinity.
International Business Machines (IBM) (NYSE: IBM) is an American multinational technology and consulting firm headquartered in Armonk, New York. IBM manufactures and sells computer hardware and software, and it offers infrastructure, hosting and consulting services in areas ranging from mainframe computers to nanotechnology.
The term “commodities” refers to natural resources that are derived from nature. These are mostly used as raw material for other products. In this sense, commodities are resources that are eventually consumed, for example oil or gold. Each commodity market will have its own particular cycles, determined by supply and demand. What are Contracts for Difference CFDs?
Before we delve further into commodities and other CFD asset classes it is important to explain what CFDs are. Contracts for difference (CFDs) are derivative products which enable you to trade on the price movement of underlying financial assets (such as commodities).
A CFD is an agreement to exchange the difference in the value of an asset from the time the contract is opened until the time at which it’s closed. What is really important to understand is that when trading a CFD you never actually own the asset or instrument you have chosen to trade, but you can still benefit if the market moves in your favour, or make a loss should the market move against you.
Oil and specifically crude oil, which is pumped directly from the ground refers to a lot size called barrel, which corresponds to an amount of 159 litters and is valued in USD (US dollars).
If a tanker ship, carrying 400,000 litters of oil, sinks, it causes a major environmental disaster. The sea will be vastly polluted and oil-coated marine animals will be featured on TV. As tragic as this news might be for nature, the financial market will process it. Viewed objectively, this amount of oil wasted in the ocean is now gone, which means that oil supply falls short. Limited supply can cause the price of crude oil to rise and thus create a trading opportunity for the CFD investor.
On our platforms, We trade CFDs on the most world’s most popular commodities. The most common of these are gold and oil, and these two have a very important thing in common: At some point in history, people selected a specific weight and currency at which these would be traded.
Historically gold coinage was widely used as currency; When paper money was introduced, it typically was a receipt redeemable for gold coin or bullion. In an economic system known as the gold standard, a certain weight of gold was given the name of a unit of currency. For a long period, the United States government set the value of the US dollar so that one troy ounce was equal to $20.67 ($664.56/kg), but in 1934 the dollar was devalued to $35.00 per troy ounce ($1125.27/kg). By 1961 it was becoming hard to maintain this price, and a pool of US and European banks agreed to manipulate the market to prevent further currency devaluation against increased gold demand. On March 17, 1968, economic circumstances caused the collapse of the gold pool, and a two-tiered pricing scheme was established whereby gold was still used to settle international accounts at the old $35.00 per troy ounce ($1.13/g) but the price of gold on the private market was allowed to fluctuate; this two-tiered pricing system was abandoned in 1975 when the price of gold was left to find its free-market level Today Gold is considered to be a natural hedge against world inflation and in the last few years together with crude prices and other metals, was highly correlated with world global growth, especially in emerging markets.
Crude oil is a type of petroleum. Petroleum is considered “sweet” if it contains less than 0.5% sulfur, compared to a higher level of sulfur in sour crude oil. Sweet crude oil contains small amounts of hydrogen sulfide and carbon dioxide. High quality, low sulfur crude oil is commonly used for processing into gasoline and is in high demand, particularly in the industrialized nations. “Light sweet crude oil” is the most sought-after version of crude oil as it contains a disproportionately large amount of these fractions that are used to process gasoline, kerosene, and high-quality diesel. The term “sweet” originated because the low level of sulfur provides the oil with a mildly sweet taste and pleasant smell. Nineteenth century prospectors would taste and smell small quantities of the oil to determine its quality. This type of oil is considered a benchmark for oil and is traded at the Chicago Mercantile Exchange. The oil is considered a natural hedge against inflation as in the last few years was highly correlated with the world’s growth.
The sugar is one of the world’s leading sweeteners, mainly produced in Brazil. There are many types of sugars which all are rated by the ICUMSA (international commission uniform methods of sugar analysis), at our platform the sugar is traded as quoted and cleared by the CME group. The future contracts are dollar dominated and represent the price of sugar for 112,000 units. In our platform the nearest future is traded out of the possible tradable contracts (which are March, May, July and October).
One of the world’s most popular drinks, it is assumed that 80% of adults drink some sort of coffee or a derivative of coffee at list once a day. Like many other soft commodities Brazil is the largest producer of coffee. The future contracts are dollar dominated and represent the price of sugar for 37,500 pounds. In our platform the nearest future is traded out of the possible tradable contracts (which are March, May, July September and December).